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情态动词表示推测总结及练习

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情态动词表示“推测”的用法总结 阅读并说出下列句子的含义,并注意情态动词在句子中的用法 例句 It is 11:00 p.m. now, but my son hasn’t come back home. Where can he be now? --- Look, Mr. Wang is working so late again. The light in his office is still on now. ---No, it can’t be him. I know he has gone to Beijing for a meeting. ----Who can it be then? --- Itmust be Mr. Li. He is taking Mr. Wang place these days. 3. ----Will you go to the cinema tonight? --- I haven’t decided yet. I might/may go to the tearoom instead. 4. It can’t/couldn’t have snowedlast night, for the ground is clean now. 5. Something must have gone wrong with my computer, for it doesn’t work now. 6. Why didn’t you go to Mr. Yang? He may/might have given you useful advice. 1. 2. 阅读并说出下列句子的含义 参考答案 1. 现在已经晚上 11 点了,但是我儿子还没有回来。

他现在能去那里呢?(can 表示“疑 惑、惊讶” ) 2. ---看呀,王先生又工作到很晚。

他办公室的灯现在还亮着呢。

--- 不,那不可能是王先生,我知道他去参加会议了。

(can 表示不相信) ---那会是谁呢?(can 表示“疑惑、惊讶” ) ---一定是李先生。

最近这些天,李先生暂时接替王先生工作。

(must 表示“肯定” ) 3. ---你今晚能去看电影吗? --- 我还没决定。

我有可能去茶馆。

(may/might 表示不确定) 4. 昨晚一定/没有下雪,因为地面现在很干净。

(can’t/couldn’t have 表示对过去发生的事 情不相信,can’t 比 couldn’t 语气强) 5. 我电脑一定出了问题了,因为它现在不工作了。

(must have 表示对过去发生事情的推 测,语气肯定) 6. 你为什么那时候不向王先生求助?他也许会给你有用的建议。

(may/might have 表示对 过去发生的情况的推测,语气不确定) 【归纳总结】 肯定句 现在时/正在进行 过去时 must have 疑问句/否定句 现在时/正在进行 过去 can’t have done must must do/must be can can’t do/be doing

doing done could done may done might done have have could may might could do/must be doing may do/must doing be could may might couldn’t doing do/ be couldn’t done may not done have have may not do/ be doing might not do/ be doing might do/must be doing have might not have done 注释: 表格中情态动词没有时间上的区别,而是表示“推测”的可能性大小 肯定句中用 must,may,might,could, 否定句中用 can,may,might,could; 疑问句中用 can,could。

当表示理论上的可能性时也可用 can; Accident can happen on such a snowy day. should 表推测时,表示确定或可能有的未来或期望。

例如: 1. It’s nearly seven o’clock. Jack should be here at any moment. 2. --- When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon. ---- They should be ready by 12:00 【基础练习】 用适当的情态动词填空: ①________ he be a policeman? ②He ________ be a policeman,but I am not sure. ③He ________ be a policeman,for he is so short. ④He ________ be a policeman,for he is strong and brave. 【情态动词基础练习答案】①Can ②may/might/could ③can't ④must 练习(历年高考题集选) 1. I have lost one of my gloves. I _____ it somewhere. A. must drop B. must have dropped C. must be dropping D. must have been dropped 2. He ________ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn’t be enjoying himself by the seaside. A. should B. must C. wouldn’t D. can’t 3. I ______ have been more than six years old when the accident happened. A. shouldn’t B. couldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t 4. I was on the highway when this car went past followed by a police car. They _____at least 150 kilometers an hour.

A. should have been doing B. must have been doing C. could have done D. would have done. 5. ---- I’ve taken someone else’s green sweater by mistake. ----It ____ Harry’s. He always wears green. A. has to be B. will be C. mustn’t be D. could be 6. --- Do you know where David is? I couldn’t find him anywhere? ---- Well. He _____ have gone far—his coat’s still here. A. shouldn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t D. wouldn’t 7. --- Tom is never late for work. Why is he absent today? --- Something _______ to him. A. must happen B. should have happened C. could have happened D. must have happened 8. Helen_____ go on the trip with us, but she isn’t sure yet. A. shall B. must C. may D. can 9. --- The woman biologist stayed in Africa studying wild animals for 13 years before she returned. ----Oh, dear! She _____ a lot of difficulties! A. may go through B. might go through C. ought to have gone through D. must have gone through 10. This cake is very sweet. You ______ a lot of sugar in it. A. should B. could have put C. might put D. must have put 【情态动词练习参考答案】 BBBBD CDCDD

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