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Book6 unit 3语法it

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Grammar: the usages of “it” 一、it 做形式主语 it 代替从句、动词不定式、动名词作主语,而把从句、动词不定式、动名词置于句尾。

(1)It be adj.(for sb.)to do sth. 此处 adj. 通常为描述事件的形容词:easy,difficult, necessary 等。

It is important for us to protect the environment. (2)It be adj. of sb. to do sth. 此处 adj. 通常为描述人的形容词:kind, ,nice,rude,cruel,等。

It's kind of you to help me with the problem. (3)It's no good/use doing… It’s no use complaining. (4)It is adj. +that / wh-… It is clear ( obvious,true,possible, certain …) that ... It is clear that he’s a reliable person. It’s unclear whether he will support our program. (5)It is v-ed that… It is said (reported/believed/thought/well-known) that ... “据说(据报道,据认为. . . ) ” 。

It is said that he has come to Beijing. It is reported that another earth satellite has been put into orbit. (6)It is + n. +从句 It is a pity (a shame /an honor / a pleasure/a fact /a surprise/... ) that ... It is a pity that such a thing (should) happen in your class. 二、it 作形式宾语 常接 it 做形式宾语的动词有 think, believe, make, find, consider, feel 等。

I found it very interesting to study English. He made it clear that he was not interested in this subject. 三、用于强调句型中 It is/was + 被强调部分 + that/who ... It is not until + 被强调部分 + that ... It was yesterday that I met Tom in the park. It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a famous film star. 四、It 常用的固定搭配 1.make it (1)表示: “成功;及时赶上/ 到达” It's hard to make it to the top in show business. (2)表示“约定好时间”例如: —Shall we meet next week? —OK. We just make it next Saturday. 2. take it/things easy 3. It all depends/that all depends “看情况而定” 4. It's up to sb. “由……决定,取决于……”

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